"Purab Aur Pachhim" (1970)
Every national cinema has its pop culture patriot.
In reference to Bollywood films of the 60s, 70s, and 80s,
Manoj Kumar found his niche in that role. (Today Sunny Deol
has assumed the role of pop culture patriot, and Sunny has
stated that Manoj was a great influence on him.) Manoj began
his career as a struggling script writer in the 60s and graduated
to acting romantic heroes where he found limited success.
Then in 1965 he portrayed the revolutionary martyr Bharat
Singh in the film "Shaheed" and became a star. Manoj's
starring role in "Shaheed" as the Indian Patriot
became the template for his future career as an actor. Born
Harikishen Goswami and taking the stage name Manoj Kumar,
he earned the nickname, "Mr. Bharat".
He went on to produce and direct a string of 'patriotic'
films that carried him with great success through the 1970s
and early 80s. His "Upkar" , "Purab Aur
Pachhim" , and "Kranti" , are classics
of the patriot genre.
Manoj Kumar coupled his Mr. Bharat image
with that of romantic lead and his rugged good looks made
him a favorite of the masses. Manoj was, as stated above also
a writer, producer, and director often helming his own starring
vehicles. He relished experimentation and incorporated avant
guard filmic techniques into his movies.
Today Manoj Kumar is still active within
the industry. Although he has not had a 'hit' since 1981's
"Krante" Manoj continues to negotiate and produce
or direct films.
Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award 1998, Filmfare best
Actor 1972 (Be-Imaan) , 2 Filmfare Best Director awards for
"Upkar"  and "Roti Kapada Aur Makaan"
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